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Wiki of Westeros
Wiki of Westeros
This page is about the Great House. For the short, see: House Tyrell (short)

"'Growing Strong.' Ha! The dullest words of any house."
Olenna Tyrell[src]
House Tyrell banner

The banner of House Tyrell of Highgarden, the rulers of the Reach.

House Tyrell[1] of Highgarden is an extinct Great House of Westeros. It ruled over the Reach, a vast, fertile, and heavily-populated region of southwestern Westeros as Lords Paramount of the Reach and Wardens of the South after taking control of the region from House Gardener during Aegon's Conquest.

The House was formerly led by Lord Mace Tyrell. Mace's son Loras was a noted tournament knight and, secretly, the lover of Lord Renly Baratheon. Mace's daughter Margaery married Renly when he crowned himself king in the War of the Five Kings to cement an alliance between Renly and her father. Following Renly's death, Margaery was then married to King Joffrey Baratheon before his assassination at his wedding feast. She was then married to his younger brother, King Tommen Baratheon. Mace's mother, the indomitable Olenna Tyrell, assumed House Tyrell's lordship after Margaery, Loras, and Mace Tyrell were all killed by wildfire at the destruction of the Great Sept of Baelor. Under Olenna, House Tyrell realigned itself with House Targaryen and declared for Daenerys Targaryen in opposition against Cersei Lannister, who had orchestrated the downfall of House Tyrell. With the death of Olenna after the Sack of Highgarden, the House has officially become extinct. In the TV series, the Tyrell family is very small, has only four known members of the main branch.

The Tyrell sigil is a golden rose on a pale green field. Their house words are "Growing Strong."[2][3]



House Tyrell was founded by Alester Tyrell, an Andal knight, during the coming of the Andals. Ser Alester and his family became senior servants of House Gardener, the Kings of the Reach, serving for millennia as stewards of the royal castle at Highgarden. Over time they rose to prominence as one of the strongest noble Houses in the Reach, and even intermarried with the royal line - though so did many other powerful Houses from the Reach.

During Aegon's Conquest, King Mern IX Gardener was burned alive at the Field of Fire by the Targaryen dragons, along with all of his immediate heirs. Subsequently, Mern's steward Harlen Tyrell voluntarily surrendered Highgarden to Aegon Targaryen. Aegon rewarded Harlen by making him Lord of Highgarden and Lord Paramount of the Reach - ahead of other Houses from the Reach which were actually more closely related to House Gardener.[4] Chief among these is House Florent of Brightwater Keep, which claims direct male-line descent from the old Gardener kings, while House Tyrell only claim descent from House Gardener through the female line.

Harlen Tyrell surrender to Aegon the Conqueror

Harlen Tyrell surrenders to Aegon the Conqueror.

House Tyrell's overall disposition is adequately represented by their sigil of a rose: a rose's beauty often hides the fact that it has thorns. Though the Tyrells do try to be just and fair, their benevolent demeanor serves to lull their enemies into thinking that, like the Starks, they are utterly beholden to honorable conduct. In reality, the Tyrells are just as cunning as the Lannisters in court politics and intrigue, though they often prefer a more subtle approach. Thus they strike a pragmatic balance between the Starks' honor and the Lannisters' ruthlessness.

Throughout history, House Tyrell has played by the strategy of following the sure path, siding with whoever is most likely to win in any conflict. During Aegon's Conquest, they surrendered Highgarden to the invading forces of Aegon the Conqueror, and in return the Tyrells were elevated as the new Lords Paramount of the Reach. During Robert's Rebellion, House Tyrell remained loyal to House Targaryen, as Robert Baratheon was a rebel unlikely to win, and the Tyrells owed their rule of the Reach to the Targaryens. Forces of House Tyrell managed to inflict the only loss Robert suffered during the war, albeit an indecisive one, at the Battle of Ashford. However, the vast army and resources of House Tyrell were tied up on a siege of Storm's End (held for Robert by his brother; Stannis Baratheon). After the Mad King's death, the Tyrells surrendered and swore fealty to Robert Baratheon.

Tyrell surrender to Robert

Mace Tyrell surrenders to Robert Baratheon.

In the current generation, House Tyrell is a stable and honestly loving family, with none of the internal rivalries that are to be found in House Lannister and House Baratheon. Thus the relationships between Lord Mace and his children, and between siblings like Loras and Margaery, are genuine and uncomplicated.

House of the Dragon: Season 1[]

A member of House Tyrell travels to King's Landing to participate in the Heir's Tournament.[5]

At the Green Council, Ser Otto Hightower mentions Highgarden as an ally, and commands ravens be sent to them.[6]

House of the Dragon: Season 2[]

After her father, Ser Otto Hightower, is dismissed from his post as Hand, Alicent recommends that instead of going to Oldtown, he must go to Highgarden to guide the Tyrells, as their bannermen's faith in the Greens is waning.[7]

Game of Thrones: Season 1[]

Ser Loras Tyrell suggests to his lover Renly that his family would support a claim to the Iron Throne made by Renly with all of their formidable military and economic might. Renly is initially reluctant to make such a claim.[8] However, when Eddard Stark spurns his aid, Renly flees King's Landing by night with Loras.[9] He is crowned king in Highgarden and lays claim to the Iron Throne.[10]

Game of Thrones: Season 2[]

The Tyrells and Renly have raised an army of 100,000 men to support his claim to the throne, outnumbering any of the other claimants' armies by a significant number.[11] To cement his new alliance with the Tyrells, Renly marries Loras's sister Margaery Tyrell.[12] Robb Stark sends his mother Catelyn to treat with Renly and form an alliance against the Lannisters.[11] Tyrion Lannister then sends Petyr Baelish to negotiate with Catelyn. After Renly is assassinated by Stannis, Baelish arranges for an alliance between the Tyrells and the Lannisters, and the Tyrells flee Stannis.[13] The Tyrells join Tywin Lannister's host at the Battle of the Blackwater, defeating Stannis.[14] To formalize their alliance, Joffrey agrees to wed Margaery Tyrell.[15]

Game of Thrones: Season 3[]

House Tyrell resumes its shipment of foodstuffs from the Reach to King's Landing.[16] The Tyrell army joins the Lannisters in overrunning the Stormlands. Olenna Tyrell conspires with Varys to wed Sansa Stark to Loras, but when Baelish informs the Lannisters, Tywin cuts off the plot by arranging Sansa's marriage to Tyrion, and Loras's marriage to Cersei.[17] He then coerces Olenna's consent.[18]

Game of Thrones: Season 4[]

Margaery is wed to Joffrey, but the king is assassinated at his wedding, secretly by Olenna with Baelish's help. Margaery is then betrothed to Joffrey's younger brother and successor, Tommen, whom Olenna expects to be both gentler and easier to influence for Margaery.[19]

Game of Thrones: Season 5[]

Cersei appoints Lord Mace Tyrell the Master of Coin and sends him to Braavos to negotiate their debt with the Iron Bank. She then moves forward with a plot to remove the Tyrells' influence by reinstating the Faith Militant under the High Sparrow, who arrest Loras.[20] Olenna returns to the capital to free Loras, but at his hearing, both he and Margaery are imprisoned by the Faith.[21]

Game of Thrones: Season 6[]

Olenna sits on Kevan Lannister's Small Council.[22] Mace marches a Tyrell army into the capital to confront the Faith, but Margaery is freed for helping form an alliance between Tommen and the Faith.[23] Loras's trial is held at the Great Sept of Baelor, where he, his sister, and his father are all killed when Cersei arranges for its destruction. Tommen commits suicide, and after Cersei is crowned the new queen, Olenna travels to Dorne and agrees to an alliance with Daenerys Targaryen.[24]

Game of Thrones: Season 7[]

Olenna sits on Daenerys's war council at Dragonstone, and agrees to commit the Tyrell forces to a siege to King's Landing.[25] However, when Olenna returns to Highgarden, Jaime Lannister leads the Lannister army into the Reach with Randyll Tarly's support, and they sack Highgarden. Olenna confesses to Joffrey's murder before she dies.[26] Her death marks the end of House Tyrell.[27] The Lannisters use the Tyrell gold to pay their debt back to the Iron Bank.[28]

Game of Thrones: Season 8[]

With the Tyrell line extinct, Ser Bronn is given Highgarden and made the new Lord Paramount of the Reach, establishing his own house to replace House Tyrell.[29]

Current status[]

  • Though it was initially unclear who the heirs to House Tyrell actually were in the TV continuity at this point, it seems that the TV series is drastically condensing it so that the Tyrells would now be extinct after Olenna Tyrell's death (and Olenna wasn't born a Tyrell, she married into the family). In the Season 6 finale, Olenna only vaguely mentions that with the deaths of her son Mace and her grandchildren Margaery and Loras, Cersei took away her "future". In the novels, they actually have two older brothers, Willas and Garlan, who were omitted from the TV continuity, as Loras was repeatedly said to be the current heir to his father. Moreover, as a large and powerful Great House, in the books they have numerous cousins and second cousins who hold various positions within their reign over the Reach.
    • In the books, Olenna and old Lord Luthor Tyrell had three children: their son Mace and two daughters, Janna and Mina. Janna married a Fossoway with no known children, while Mina actually married her own first cousin Paxter Redwyne (Olenna's nephew), producing two sons and a daughter.
    • Meanwhile, even if Olenna's entire bloodline is dead in the TV version, Luthor in the novels had younger brothers who themselves had descendants: Maester Gorman (who cannot inherit), Garth the Gross (Seneschal of Highgarden), and Moryn (Lord Commander of the City Watch of Oldtown). Garth has two bastard sons, while Moryn had two legitimate sons, three grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. It's doubtful that all of them will gather in the Great Sept for Margaery's trial in the next novel and end up being killed in Cersei's wildfire explosion.
  • Tyrell Lady new

    One could assume that Olenna can't literally be the last Tyrell: other Tyrell cousins exist in the books and were even introduced in the TV series.

    The TV continuity technically did acknowledge that other minor Tyrell cousins exist, and they are direct descendants of Olenna. Back in Season 3 episode 4 "And Now His Watch Is Ended", an unnamed Tyrell handmaiden - credited only as "Tyrell lady" - actually had a speaking line in which she showed her embroidery to Olenna and asked, "Do you like it, Nana?" - i.e. directly stating that Olenna is her grandmother. In the books many of the minor Tyrell cousins serve as handmaidens to the main members of the family, thus it was always somewhat implied that the background handmaidens that appear in the TV show are actually Tyrell cousins. This "Tyrell lady" was never formally named, but the eldest of Margaery's cousins who serve in her company as handmaidens is Elinor Tyrell (though Elinor isn't a granddaughter but descended from Moryn - Olenna's other granddaughter through Mace's sister is Desmera Redwyne).
    • Of course, given that Mace Tyrell was in the Great Sept with his entire retinue along with Margaery to observe Loras's trial, it is not impossible that all of Margaery's handmaidens, including her cousins, were present in the Great Sept and killed in the explosion, and by the fifth episode of Season 7, it is made clear that this is apparently the case.[27]

Military strength[]

The strength of House Tyrell has remained mostly unscathed during the War of the Five Kings, around 15,800 men, according to Olenna.[30] Later, a small part of these forces is annihilated by the Lannister-Tarly forces at the Sack of Highgarden, leading to Olenna's death, thus eliminating the once formidable great house.

As the second richest house, Tyrell soldiers seem to be well-equipped, yet still far behind to the Lannisters. This is particularly evidenced by the high quality swords and weapons purchased due to the Reach's fertile lands.

Despite the Tyrell army being diverse and ornamentally impressive in design, their vassals seem to follow this motif (bright colored armor and steel plates) despite their preference to be considered as independent houses. Most notably, House Tarly which used red tunics and steel armor which distinguishes them from House Tyrell.

It is relatively quite unknown how the Tyrell army is experienced in terms of warfare since most of their army didn't partake in pitch battles during the War of the Five Kings. Numerous battles such as the Battle of the Blackwater showed it’s capability in combat, wherein the combined cavalry of both House Lannister and Tyrell easily managed to crush Stannis Baratheon's army with ease. Although it can be considered that they fought using mounted soldiers which gives an advantage compared to the foot soldiers used during the battle. Later in Season 7, it is revealed that the Tyrell army is incapable of fighting as stated by Olenna Tyrell by grimly stating "It was never our forte". This can be an assumption that House Tyrell is more reliant and dependent on their more martial vassals like the Tarlys and other houses to fight their battles.

The Reach is controlled mostly by House Tyrell, mostly due to Harlan Tyrell’s surrender of Highgarden to Aegon Targaryen thus elevating their status. Despite their status, however, their vassals seem to act self-beneficially and have questionable loyalties such as the Florents and the Fossoways, who aligned themselves with Stannis rather than follow their liege lords. House Tarly, on the other hand, chose to reluctantly ally with the Lannisters in fear of the Dothraki.



With unspecified familiar relationship to the main branch:

Historical members[]

Sworn to House Tyrell[]

Vassals and allies[]

Family tree[]


Olenna Tyrell
née Redwyne House Redwyne

Alerie Tyrell
née Hightower

House BaratheonRenly Baratheon
1st husband

House Baratheon of King's Landing
2nd husband
House Baratheon of King's Landing
3rd husband

Behind the scenes[]

  • According to the TV series official pronunciation guide developed for the cast and crew, "Tyrell" is pronounced "TI-rul", as opposed to "Tie-rell", etc. In spite of this, several characters, including Lady Olenna, have inconsistently alternated with pronouncing it "TIE-rell".[31] Even within the same scene in Season 3's "Walk of Punishment," Cersei says "Tie-rell" while Tywin says "Tih-rul" (although since this different works to underscore their disagreement, it may be intentional for that one scene). When asked about this, official Game of Thrones linguist David J. Peterson (creator of the Dothraki and Valyrian languages, who did not create the pronunciation guide) said that he personally pronounces it as "Tie-rell", but has heard it both ways on the TV show - given that he doesn't himself decide how to pronounce basic character names. He did offer that maybe, just as in real life, there are simply multiple ways to pronounce the same name.[32]
  • The HBO Viewer's Guide for Season 1 lists Mace Tyrell and Alerie Hightower as having four children – Willas, Garlan, Loras and Margaery – in keeping with the books. Willas and Garlan were not mentioned at all on-screen, were removed from the Viewer's Guide for Season 2, and did not reappear in the Viewer's Guide for Season 3. Loras was explicitly confirmed as being the heir to Highgarden in "The Climb". Willas and Garlan's roles in the narrative (the Tyrell who was to wed Sansa Stark and the Tyrell who asked for Margaery to marry Joffrey) had already been given to Loras on-screen.
    • In an interview during Season 3, writer Bryan Cogman admitted that the status of the older two Tyrell brothers was always in a limbo state, as they couldn't fit them into the narrative but at the same time were reluctant to outright confirm that they would never appear at all. Similarly, the writers never thought that they would introduce Stannis Baratheon's daughter Shireen Baratheon when they introduced him in Season 2, but were careful to leave the door open to introduce her later, which they ultimately did in Season 3 (making sure to say that "Stannis has no sons" so they could later say he does have a daughter, without contradicting themselves). Thus it only really became utterly clear that the other Tyrells from the books wouldn't be introduced by Seasons 5 to 6. As Cogman said in Season 3:
"At this point, in show canon, Loras and Margaery are the only children of Mace Tyrell. Margaery is eldest, Loras is the heir. Considering this plotline dominates the season, it was felt we needed the Tyrell engaged to Sansa (and then Cersei) had to be the Tyrell the audience is familiar with, as opposed to an unseen character."[33]

In the books[]

In the A Song of Ice and Fire novels, House Tyrell is a powerful noble house. The Reach is the most populous region of the Seven Kingdoms, and the Tyrells can field the largest army on the continent, although the Lannisters, being richer, can better equip their troops. This makes the Tyrells formidable enemies but excellent allies.

House Tyrell never ruled as "kings and queens", as opposed to the Starks, Lannisters, or Arryns. Before King Aegon I Targaryen's invasion and unification of the Seven Kingdoms, the Tyrells were stewards to House Gardener, the Kings of the Reach. The Tyrells had responsibility for maintaining the castle of Highgarden, the seat of royal power in the Reach. In the battle known as the Field of Fire, King Mern IX Gardener and all of his issue were burned alive by Aegon's dragons. Harlen Tyrell, King Mern's steward, surrendered Hightower to King Aegon and was rewarded with the title of Lord Paramount of the Reach and Warden of the South.

House Florent of Brightwater Keep has long disputed the suitability of the Tyrells to the rule of the Reach because they can claim a closer blood-relationship to the old kings of House Gardener. House Florent is a cadet branch of House Gardener, founded by a younger son of the main Gardener line, while House Tyrell can only claim descent from House Gardener through the female line.

As a result, the Florents have often bucked the authority of the Tyrells in the past three centuries since the Targaryen conquest. It came as little surprise when after Renly died and House Tyrell led their vassals in switching to support King Joffrey and the Lannisters, House Florent was the only major House from the Reach to switch allegiance to Stannis instead. Indeed, Stannis's wife, Selyse, is herself a Florent.

Thus the Tyrells, while always maintaining firm control of the Reach, have always feared they have an uneasy grip on their rule. While the Tyrells possess very fertile lands from which they can raise large armies, there are other powerful noble families in the Reach, such as House Florent, which don't particularly respect them the way the vassals of the Starks and Lannisters respect them because they used to be their kings. A great deal of skill at court politics has thus been needed to keep the Tyrells' powerful vassals in check, though Tyrells like Lady Olenna possess this in abundance. Therefore, House Tyrell is always on the lookout to secure a marriage into a royal line, strengthen their prestige and cement their rule over the Reach.

The Martells and Tyrells have been sworn enemies for many generations. Over the centuries, they have fought border wars beyond count and raided back and forth across mountains and marches even when at peace. The enmity between the two houses waned a bit after Dorne became part of the Seven Kingdoms, but the maiming of Willas Tyrell by the Dornish prince Oberyn Martell in a joust fanned the animosity between the families, though Willas himself does not hold any grudge against Oberyn, as both men knew what happened was simply an unfortunate accident.

As D.B. Weiss summed it up in a Season 2 featurette, in the current generation House Tyrell is a closet matriarchy of sorts. While dependable, honorable, and loyal, the men of House Tyrell aren't particularly intelligent or adept at politics. Instead, the female members of House Tyrell (such as Margaery and her father's mother, Olenna) are the intelligent ones who actively plan out the political course that House Tyrell will take. An exception to this is Lord Mace's eldest son, Willas, who, unlike his father and two younger brothers (Garlan and Loras), is said to be quite well-educated.

Since being elevated to rule of the Reach, during any major Westeros-wide conflict, the Tyrells have frequently judged a conflict and then followed the strategy of pragmatically siding with whoever seems most likely to win, rather than fighting for abstract principles of law or honor. During the Targaryen Conquest, they surrendered to the Targaryens willingly in return for their favor. In Robert's Rebellion, they sided with the Mad King because they owed the Targaryens everything, and didn't think Robert Baratheon could defeat him. During the civil war known as the Dance of the Dragons, however, the Tyrells judged that the faction of Rhaenyra Targaryen and the faction of Aegon II Targaryen were so evenly matched that it was not obvious at the outset which side would win. With neither side having a clear advantage over the other, to the surprise of both, the Tyrells declared neutrality and took no part in the war (though their bannermen were heavily divided between the two sides).

In the books, as in the series, the Lannisters grow increasingly concerned with how much power the Tyrells managed to gain. Ever since the second novel, the Tyrells become the Lannisters' most important allies, and they take full advantage of that to increase their (and their bannermen) political power, slowly but surely.

Following the battle of the Blackwater, the Tyrells are greatly rewarded for reinforcing the Lannister troops: Margaery is betrothed to Joffrey; Loras becomes a member of the Kingsguard; Mace is given a seat at the Small Council as Master of Ships; Garlan is granted the lands of House Florent. Two of the Tyrells' bannermen, Paxter Rewyne, and Mathis Rowan, are also granted seats in the Small Council.

During the third book, Tywin Lannister decides to restore Pycelle (whom Tyrion had previously sent to the black cells beneath the Red Keep) to the position of Grand Maester after he received word that the Citadel planned on naming Maester Gormon, born Gormon Tyrell, his replacement.

Following Tywin's death, the Tyrells grow bolder with their demands, among them to wed Margaery to Tommen shortly after his brother's death, much to Cersei's annoyance. Cersei's resentment toward the Tyrells soon turns into mistrust, and then to paranoia, based on several items:

  • Shortly after Tyrion's escape, Qyburn informs Cersei that an ancient Tyrell coin was found in the cell of a jailer named Rugen (who is Varys in disguise).
  • Lady Taena Merryweather of Myr, wife of the newly-appointed master of laws, tells Cersei that her handmaiden Senelle is spying for Margaery and that Olenna pays merchants in King's Landing with old coins which are only half the weight of newly minted gold dragons.[e]

At first, Cersei suspects that someone is seeking to drive a wedge between the Lannisters and Tyrells; this may be the truth (in view of Varys's statement at the end of the fifth novel), but Cersei's paranoia soon overcomes her logic.

As Margaery's popularity and influence over Tommen grow, Cersei suddenly realizes (correctly) that the Tyrells had a motive to dispose of Joffrey. She becomes convinced that the Tyrells plot to undermine the Lannisters; they conspired with Tyrion to murder Joffrey, maybe to murder Tywin too; they helped Tyrion escape from jail; lastly, Margaery is the queen whom Maggy referred to. Driven by her paranoia, Cersei plots to have Margaery charged with adultery and shamed in public. However, similarly to each and every scheme Cersei comes up with, this one goes wrong too: the witnesses against Margaery prove to be false, and Cersei finds herself in a much worse position than Margaery. Ironically, as a result of the scheme, the Tyrells grow more in power.

Kevan, like his niece, is wary of the Tyrells' power greed; however, he acknowledges that alienating the Tyrells is a much worse option than complying with their demands. He chides Cersei for rejecting Mace's request to become the King's Hand, reasoning that although Mace is hardly suitable for that office - it is even more foolish to make him a foe.

By the end of the fifth novel, Kevan becomes concerned because the Tyrells increase their power gradually at the expense of the Lannisters: they have three of the seats in the Small Council (Mace - the King's Hand, Randyll Tarly - Master of laws and justiciar, Lord Paxter Redwyne - Master of ships and grand admiral); a hundred of Highgarden men have been added to the gold cloaks; Lord Tyrell and Tarly have both brought armies to King's Landing, while most of the Lannister troops are away in the Riverlands. Kevan's hands are tied, however, because Cersei's attempts to limit the Tyrells' power were utterly ludicrous and could only be resolved by giving the Tyrells their current concessions.

The rest of the Tyrells are:

  • Lady Mina Tyrell, Lord Mace's sister. Married to Lord Paxter Redwyne.
  • Lady Janna Tyrell, Lord Mace's sister. Married to Ser Jon Fossoway.
  • Garth Tyrell, Lord Mace's uncle. Called 'Garth the Gross'. Lord Seneschal of Highgarden.
    • Garse Flowers, Garth's bastard son.
    • Garrett Flowers, Garth's bastard son.
  • Ser Moryn Tyrell, Lord Mace's uncle. Lord Commander of the City Watch of Oldtown.
    • Ser {Luthor Tyrell}, Moryn's eldest son. Married to Elyn Norridge.
      • Ser Theodore Tyrell, Luthor's eldest son. Married to Lia Serry.
        • Elinor Tyrell, Theodore's daughter. Handmaiden to Lady Margaery.
        • Luthor Tyrell, Theodore's son. A squire.
      • Maester Medwick, Luthor's second son. A Maester.
      • Olene Tyrell, Luthor's daughter. Married to Ser Leo Blackbar.
    • Leo Tyrell, Moryn's second son. Called 'Leo the Lazy'. Studying at the Citadel.
  • Maester Gormon, Lord Mace's uncle. A Maester.

Distant relations of the main branch are:

  • Ser {Quentin Tyrell}, a cousin of Lord Mace. Slain at the Battle of Ashford.
    • Ser Olymer Tyrell, Quentin's son. Married to Lysa Meadows.
      • Raymund Tyrell, Olymer's eldest son.
      • Rickard Tyrell, Olymer's second son.
      • Megga Tyrell, Olymer's daughter. Handmaiden to Lady Margaery.
  • Maester Normund, a cousin of Lord Mace. He is in service at Blackcrown.
  • Ser {Victor Tyrell}, a cousin of Lord Mace. Slain by the Smiling Knight of the Kingswood Brotherhood.
    • Victaria Tyrell, Victor's daughter. Widow of Lord Jon Bulwer.
      • Alysanne Bulwer, Victaria's daughter. The Lady of Blackcrown.
    • Ser Leo Tyrell, Victor's son. Married to Alys Beesbury.
      • Alla Tyrell, Leo's eldest daughter. Handmaiden to Lady Margaery.
      • Leona Tyrell, Leo's second daughter.
      • Lyonel Tyrell, Leo's eldest son.
      • Lucas Tyrell, Leo's second son.
      • Lorent Tyrell, Leo's third son.

The following sworn houses have yet to appear in the series:




  1. 1.0 1.1 In "The Kingsroad," which takes place in 298 AC, Catelyn Stark states that Eddard Stark went to war with Robert Baratheon "17 years ago;" therefore, Robert's Rebellion occurred in 281 AC.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 In "Winter Is Coming," which takes place in 298 AC, Sansa Stark tells Cersei Lannister that she is 13 years old and Bran Stark tells Jaime Lannister that he is 10 years old. Arya Stark was born between Sansa and Bran, making her either 11 or 12 in Season 1. The rest of the Stark children have been aged up by 2 years from their book ages, so it can be assumed that she is 11 in Season 1. Arya is 18 in Season 8 according to HBO, which means at least 7 years occur in the span of the series; therefore, each season of Game of Thrones must roughly correspond to a year in-universe, placing the events of Season 6 in 303 AC.
  3. In "Valyria & the Dragons," Viserys Targaryen states that Aegon began his conquest 100 years after the Doom of Valyria in 102 BC, placing it in 2 BC. In "Aegon, First of His Name," Viserys Targaryen states that the maesters divided history into Before and After Conquest following Aegon I Targaryen's coronation in Oldtown; therefore, Aegon's Conquest began in 2 BC and ended in 1 AC.
  4. In "Winter Is Coming," which takes place in 298 AC, Sansa Stark tells Cersei Lannister that she is 13 years old and Bran Stark tells Jaime Lannister that he is 10 years old. Arya Stark was born between Sansa and Bran, making her either 11 or 12 in Season 1. The rest of the Stark children have been aged up by 2 years from their book ages, so it can be assumed that she is 11 in Season 1. Arya is 18 in Season 8 according to HBO, which means at least 7 years occur in the span of the series; therefore, each season of Game of Thrones must roughly correspond to a year in-universe, placing the events of Season 7 in 304 AC.
  5. Taena's true motives and allegiance are unclear. There are various fan speculations about her, among them that she is Doran Martell's agent - the one who warned him about Cersei's scheme to assassinate Trystane.

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